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The Mezzotint

Scary Books: Ghost Stories Of An Antiquary
: Montague Rhodes James

Some time ago I believe I had the pleasure of telling you the story of an

adventure which happened to a friend of mine by the name of Dennistoun,

during his pursuit of objects of art for the museum at Cambridge.

He did not publish his experiences very widely upon his return to

England; but they could not fail to become known to a good many of his

friends, and among others to the gentleman who at that time presided ove

an art museum at another University. It was to be expected that the story

should make a considerable impression on the mind of a man whose vocation

lay in lines similar to Dennistoun's, and that he should be eager to

catch at any explanation of the matter which tended to make it seem

improbable that he should ever be called upon to deal with so agitating

an emergency. It was, indeed, somewhat consoling to him to reflect that

he was not expected to acquire ancient MSS. for his institution; that was

the business of the Shelburnian Library. The authorities of that

institution might, if they pleased, ransack obscure corners of the

Continent for such matters. He was glad to be obliged at the moment to

confine his attention to enlarging the already unsurpassed collection of

English topographical drawings and engravings possessed by his museum.

Yet, as it turned out, even a department so homely and familiar as this

may have its dark corners, and to one of these Mr Williams was

unexpectedly introduced.

Those who have taken even the most limited interest in the acquisition of

topographical pictures are aware that there is one London dealer whose

aid is indispensable to their researches. Mr J. W. Britnell publishes at

short intervals very admirable catalogues of a large and constantly

changing stock of engravings, plans, and old sketches of mansions,

churches, and towns in England and Wales. These catalogues were, of

course, the ABC of his subject to Mr Williams: but as his museum already

contained an enormous accumulation of topographical pictures, he was a

regular, rather than a copious, buyer; and he rather looked to Mr

Britnell to fill up gaps in the rank and file of his collection than to

supply him with rarities.

Now, in February of last year there appeared upon Mr Williams's desk at

the museum a catalogue from Mr Britnell's emporium, and accompanying it

was a typewritten communication from the dealer himself. This latter ran

as follows:

Dear Sir,

We beg to call your attention to No. 978 in our accompanying

catalogue, which we shall be glad to send on approval.

Yours faithfully,

J. W. Britnell.

To turn to No. 978 in the accompanying catalogue was with Mr. Williams

(as he observed to himself) the work of a moment, and in the place

indicated he found the following entry:

978.--_Unknown._ Interesting mezzotint: View of a manor-house, early

part of the century. 15 by 10 inches; black frame. L2 2s.

It was not specially exciting, and the price seemed high. However, as Mr

Britnell, who knew his business and his customer, seemed to set store by

it, Mr Williams wrote a postcard asking for the article to be sent on

approval, along with some other engravings and sketches which appeared in

the same catalogue. And so he passed without much excitement of

anticipation to the ordinary labours of the day.

A parcel of any kind always arrives a day later than you expect it, and

that of Mr Britnell proved, as I believe the right phrase goes, no

exception to the rule. It was delivered at the museum by the afternoon

post of Saturday, after Mr Williams had left his work, and it was

accordingly brought round to his rooms in college by the attendant, in

order that he might not have to wait over Sunday before looking through

it and returning such of the contents as he did not propose to keep. And

here he found it when he came in to tea, with a friend.

The only item with which I am concerned was the rather large,

black-framed mezzotint of which I have already quoted the short

description given in Mr Britnell's catalogue. Some more details of it

will have to be given, though I cannot hope to put before you the look of

the picture as clearly as it is present to my own eye. Very nearly the

exact duplicate of it may be seen in a good many old inn parlours, or in

the passages of undisturbed country mansions at the present moment. It

was a rather indifferent mezzotint, and an indifferent mezzotint is,

perhaps, the worst form of engraving known. It presented a full-face view

of a not very large manor-house of the last century, with three rows of

plain sashed windows with rusticated masonry about them, a parapet with

balls or vases at the angles, and a small portico in the centre. On

either side were trees, and in front a considerable expanse of lawn. The

legend _A. W. F. sculpsit_ was engraved on the narrow margin; and there

was no further inscription. The whole thing gave the impression that it

was the work of an amateur. What in the world Mr Britnell could mean by

affixing the price of L2 2s. to such an object was more than Mr Williams

could imagine. He turned it over with a good deal of contempt; upon the

back was a paper label, the left-hand half of which had been torn off.

All that remained were the ends of two lines of writing; the first had

the letters--_ngley Hall_; the second,--_ssex_.

It would, perhaps, be just worth while to identify the place represented,

which he could easily do with the help of a gazetteer, and then he would

send it back to Mr Britnell, with some remarks reflecting upon the

judgement of that gentleman.

He lighted the candles, for it was now dark, made the tea, and supplied

the friend with whom he had been playing golf (for I believe the

authorities of the University I write of indulge in that pursuit by way

of relaxation); and tea was taken to the accompaniment of a discussion

which golfing persons can imagine for themselves, but which the

conscientious writer has no right to inflict upon any non-golfing


The conclusion arrived at was that certain strokes might have been

better, and that in certain emergencies neither player had experienced

that amount of luck which a human being has a right to expect. It was now

that the friend--let us call him Professor Binks--took up the framed

engraving and said:

'What's this place, Williams?'

'Just what I am going to try to find out,' said Williams, going to the

shelf for a gazetteer. 'Look at the back. Somethingley Hall, either in

Sussex or Essex. Half the name's gone, you see. You don't happen to know

it, I suppose?'

'It's from that man Britnell, I suppose, isn't it?' said Binks. 'Is it

for the museum?'

'Well, I think I should buy it if the price was five shillings,' said

Williams; 'but for some unearthly reason he wants two guineas for it. I

can't conceive why. It's a wretched engraving, and there aren't even any

figures to give it life.'

'It's not worth two guineas, I should think,' said Binks; 'but I don't

think it's so badly done. The moonlight seems rather good to me; and I

should have thought there _were_ figures, or at least a figure, just on

the edge in front.'

'Let's look,' said Williams. 'Well, it's true the light is rather

cleverly given. Where's your figure? Oh, yes! Just the head, in the very

front of the picture.'

And indeed there was--hardly more than a black blot on the extreme edge

of the engraving--the head of a man or woman, a good deal muffled up, the

back turned to the spectator, and looking towards the house.

Williams had not noticed it before.

'Still,' he said, 'though it's a cleverer thing than I thought, I can't

spend two guineas of museum money on a picture of a place I don't know.'

Professor Binks had his work to do, and soon went; and very nearly up to

Hall time Williams was engaged in a vain attempt to identify the subject

of his picture. 'If the vowel before the _ng_ had only been left, it

would have been easy enough,' he thought; 'but as it is, the name may be

anything from Guestingley to Langley, and there are many more names

ending like this than I thought; and this rotten book has no index of


Hall in Mr Williams's college was at seven. It need not be dwelt upon;

the less so as he met there colleagues who had been playing golf during

the afternoon, and words with which we have no concern were freely

bandied across the table--merely golfing words, I would hasten to


I suppose an hour or more to have been spent in what is called

common-room after dinner. Later in the evening some few retired to

Williams's rooms, and I have little doubt that whist was played and

tobacco smoked. During a lull in these operations Williams picked up the

mezzotint from the table without looking at it, and handed it to a person

mildly interested in art, telling him where it had come from, and the

other particulars which we already know.

The gentleman took it carelessly, looked at it, then said, in a tone of

some interest:

'It's really a very good piece of work, Williams; it has quite a feeling

of the romantic period. The light is admirably managed, it seems to me,

and the figure, though it's rather too grotesque, is somehow very


'Yes, isn't it?' said Williams, who was just then busy giving whisky and

soda to others of the company, and was unable to come across the room to

look at the view again.

It was by this time rather late in the evening, and the visitors were on

the move. After they went Williams was obliged to write a letter or two

and clear up some odd bits of work. At last, some time past midnight, he

was disposed to turn in, and he put out his lamp after lighting his

bedroom candle. The picture lay face upwards on the table where the last

man who looked at it had put it, and it caught his eye as he turned the

lamp down. What he saw made him very nearly drop the candle on the floor,

and he declares now if he had been left in the dark at that moment he

would have had a fit. But, as that did not happen, he was able to put

down the light on the table and take a good look at the picture. It was

indubitable--rankly impossible, no doubt, but absolutely certain. In the

middle of the lawn in front of the unknown house there was a figure where

no figure had been at five o'clock that afternoon. It was crawling on all

fours towards the house, and it was muffled in a strange black garment

with a white cross on the back.

I do not know what is the ideal course to pursue in a situation of this

kind, I can only tell you what Mr Williams did. He took the picture by

one corner and carried it across the passage to a second set of rooms

which he possessed. There he locked it up in a drawer, sported the doors

of both sets of rooms, and retired to bed; but first he wrote out and

signed an account of the extraordinary change which the picture had

undergone since it had come into his possession.

Sleep visited him rather late; but it was consoling to reflect that the

behaviour of the picture did not depend upon his own unsupported

testimony. Evidently the man who had looked at it the night before had

seen something of the same kind as he had, otherwise he might have been

tempted to think that something gravely wrong was happening either to his

eyes or his mind. This possibility being fortunately precluded, two

matters awaited him on the morrow. He must take stock of the picture very

carefully, and call in a witness for the purpose, and he must make a

determined effort to ascertain what house it was that was represented. He

would therefore ask his neighbour Nisbet to breakfast with him, and he

would subsequently spend a morning over the gazetteer.

Nisbet was disengaged, and arrived about 9.20. His host was not quite

dressed, I am sorry to say, even at this late hour. During breakfast

nothing was said about the mezzotint by Williams, save that he had a

picture on which he wished for Nisbet's opinion. But those who are

familiar with University life can picture for themselves the wide and

delightful range of subjects over which the conversation of two Fellows

of Canterbury College is likely to extend during a Sunday morning

breakfast. Hardly a topic was left unchallenged, from golf to

lawn-tennis. Yet I am bound to say that Williams was rather distraught;

for his interest naturally centred in that very strange picture which was

now reposing, face downwards, in the drawer in the room opposite.

The morning pipe was at last lighted, and the moment had arrived for

which he looked. With very considerable--almost tremulous--excitement he

ran across, unlocked the drawer, and, extracting the picture--still face

downwards--ran back, and put it into Nisbet's hands.

'Now,' he said, 'Nisbet, I want you to tell me exactly what you see in

that picture. Describe it, if you don't mind, rather minutely. I'll tell

you why afterwards.'

'Well,' said Nisbet, 'I have here a view of a country-house--English, I

presume--by moonlight.'

'Moonlight? You're sure of that?'

'Certainly. The moon appears to be on the wane, if you wish for details,

and there are clouds in the sky.'

'All right. Go on. I'll swear,' added Williams in an aside, 'there was no

moon when I saw it first.'

'Well, there's not much more to be said,' Nisbet continued. 'The house

has one--two--three rows of windows, five in each row, except at the

bottom, where there's a porch instead of the middle one, and--'

'But what about figures?' said Williams, with marked interest.

'There aren't any,' said Nisbet; 'but--'

'What! No figure on the grass in front?'

'Not a thing.'

'You'll swear to that?'

'Certainly I will. But there's just one other thing.'


'Why, one of the windows on the ground-floor--left of the door--is open.'

'Is it really so? My goodness! he must have got in,' said Williams, with

great excitement; and he hurried to the back of the sofa on which Nisbet

was sitting, and, catching the picture from him, verified the matter for


It was quite true. There was no figure, and there was the open window.

Williams, after a moment of speechless surprise, went to the

writing-table and scribbled for a short time. Then he brought two papers

to Nisbet, and asked him first to sign one--it was his own description of

the picture, which you have just heard--and then to read the other which

was Williams's statement written the night before.

'What can it all mean?' said Nisbet.

'Exactly,' said Williams. 'Well, one thing I must do--or three things,

now I think of it. I must find out from Garwood'--this was his last

night's visitor--'what he saw, and then I must get the thing photographed

before it goes further, and then I must find out what the place is.'

'I can do the photographing myself,' said Nisbet, 'and I will. But, you

know, it looks very much as if we were assisting at the working out of a

tragedy somewhere. The question is, has it happened already, or is it

going to come off? You must find out what the place is. Yes,' he said,

looking at the picture again, 'I expect you're right: he has got in. And

if I don't mistake, there'll be the devil to pay in one of the rooms


'I'll tell you what,' said Williams: 'I'll take the picture across to old

Green' (this was the senior Fellow of the College, who had been Bursar

for many years). 'It's quite likely he'll know it. We have property in

Essex and Sussex, and he must have been over the two counties a lot in

his time.'

'Quite likely he will,' said Nisbet; 'but just let me take my photograph

first. But look here, I rather think Green isn't up today. He wasn't in

Hall last night, and I think I heard him say he was going down for the


'That's true, too,' said Williams; 'I know he's gone to Brighton. Well,

if you'll photograph it now, I'll go across to Garwood and get his

statement, and you keep an eye on it while I'm gone. I'm beginning to

think two guineas is not a very exorbitant price for it now.'

In a short time he had returned, and brought Mr Garwood with him.

Garwood's statement was to the effect that the figure, when he had seen

it, was clear of the edge of the picture, but had not got far across the

lawn. He remembered a white mark on the back of its drapery, but could

not have been sure it was a cross. A document to this effect was then

drawn up and signed, and Nisbet proceeded to photograph the picture.

'Now what do you mean to do?' he said. 'Are you going to sit and watch it

all day?'

'Well, no, I think not,' said Williams. 'I rather imagine we're meant to

see the whole thing. You see, between the time I saw it last night and

this morning there was time for lots of things to happen, but the

creature only got into the house. It could easily have got through its

business in the time and gone to its own place again; but the fact of the

window being open, I think, must mean that it's in there now. So I feel

quite easy about leaving it. And besides, I have a kind of idea that it

wouldn't change much, if at all, in the daytime. We might go out for a

walk this afternoon, and come in to tea, or whenever it gets dark. I

shall leave it out on the table here, and sport the door. My skip can get

in, but no one else.'

The three agreed that this would be a good plan; and, further, that if

they spent the afternoon together they would be less likely to talk about

the business to other people; for any rumour of such a transaction as was

going on would bring the whole of the Phasmatological Society about their


We may give them a respite until five o'clock.

At or near that hour the three were entering Williams's staircase. They

were at first slightly annoyed to see that the door of his rooms was

unsported; but in a moment it was remembered that on Sunday the skips

came for orders an hour or so earlier than on weekdays. However, a

surprise was awaiting them. The first thing they saw was the picture

leaning up against a pile of books on the table, as it had been left, and

the next thing was Williams's skip, seated on a chair opposite, gazing at

it with undisguised horror. How was this? Mr Filcher (the name is not my

own invention) was a servant of considerable standing, and set the

standard of etiquette to all his own college and to several neighbouring

ones, and nothing could be more alien to his practice than to be found

sitting on his master's chair, or appearing to take any particular notice

of his master's furniture or pictures. Indeed, he seemed to feel this

himself. He started violently when the three men were in the room, and

got up with a marked effort. Then he said:

'I ask your pardon, sir, for taking such a freedom as to set down.'

'Not at all, Robert,' interposed Mr Williams. 'I was meaning to ask you

some time what you thought of that picture.'

'Well, sir, of course I don't set up my opinion against yours, but it

ain't the pictur I should 'ang where my little girl could see it, sir.'

'Wouldn't you, Robert? Why not?'

'No, sir. Why, the pore child, I recollect once she see a Door Bible,

with pictures not 'alf what that is, and we 'ad to set up with her three

or four nights afterwards, if you'll believe me; and if she was to ketch

a sight of this skelinton here, or whatever it is, carrying off the pore

baby, she would be in a taking. You know 'ow it is with children; 'ow

nervish they git with a little thing and all. But what I should say, it

don't seem a right pictur to be laying about, sir, not where anyone

that's liable to be startled could come on it. Should you be wanting

anything this evening, sir? Thank you, sir.'

With these words the excellent man went to continue the round of his

masters, and you may be sure the gentlemen whom he left lost no time in

gathering round the engraving. There was the house, as before under the

waning moon and the drifting clouds. The window that had been open was

shut, and the figure was once more on the lawn: but not this time

crawling cautiously on hands and knees. Now it was erect and stepping

swiftly, with long strides, towards the front of the picture. The moon

was behind it, and the black drapery hung down over its face so that only

hints of that could be seen, and what was visible made the spectators

profoundly thankful that they could see no more than a white dome-like

forehead and a few straggling hairs. The head was bent down, and the arms

were tightly clasped over an object which could be dimly seen and

identified as a child, whether dead or living it was not possible to say.

The legs of the appearance alone could be plainly discerned, and they

were horribly thin.

From five to seven the three companions sat and watched the picture by

turns. But it never changed. They agreed at last that it would be safe to

leave it, and that they would return after Hall and await further


When they assembled again, at the earliest possible moment, the engraving

was there, but the figure was gone, and the house was quiet under the

moonbeams. There was nothing for it but to spend the evening over

gazetteers and guide-books. Williams was the lucky one at last, and

perhaps he deserved it. At 11.30 p.m. he read from Murray's _Guide to

Essex_the following lines:

16-1/2 miles, _Anningley_. The church has been an interesting

building of Norman date, but was extensively classicized in the last

century. It contains the tomb of the family of Francis, whose

mansion, Anningley Hall, a solid Queen Anne house, stands immediately

beyond the churchyard in a park of about 80 acres. The family is now

extinct, the last heir having disappeared mysteriously in infancy in

the year 1802. The father, Mr Arthur Francis, was locally known as a

talented amateur engraver in mezzotint. After his son's disappearance

he lived in complete retirement at the Hall, and was found dead in

his studio on the third anniversary of the disaster, having just

completed an engraving of the house, impressions of which are of

considerable rarity.

This looked like business, and, indeed, Mr Green on his return at once

identified the house as Anningley Hall.

'Is there any kind of explanation of the figure, Green?' was the question

which Williams naturally asked.

'I don't know, I'm sure, Williams. What used to be said in the place when

I first knew it, which was before I came up here, was just this: old

Francis was always very much down on these poaching fellows, and whenever

he got a chance he used to get a man whom he suspected of it turned off

the estate, and by degrees he got rid of them all but one. Squires could

do a lot of things then that they daren't think of now. Well, this man

that was left was what you find pretty often in that country--the last

remains of a very old family. I believe they were Lords of the Manor at

one time. I recollect just the same thing in my own parish.'

'What, like the man in _Tess o' the Durbervilles_?' Williams put in.

'Yes, I dare say; it's not a book I could ever read myself. But this

fellow could show a row of tombs in the church there that belonged to his

ancestors, and all that went to sour him a bit; but Francis, they said,

could never get at him--he always kept just on the right side of the

law--until one night the keepers found him at it in a wood right at the

end of the estate. I could show you the place now; it marches with some

land that used to belong to an uncle of mine. And you can imagine there

was a row; and this man Gawdy (that was the name, to be sure--Gawdy; I

thought I should get it--Gawdy), he was unlucky enough, poor chap! to

shoot a keeper. Well, that was what Francis wanted, and grand juries--you

know what they would have been then--and poor Gawdy was strung up in

double-quick time; and I've been shown the place he was buried in, on the

north side of the church--you know the way in that part of the world:

anyone that's been hanged or made away with themselves, they bury them

that side. And the idea was that some friend of Gawdy's--not a relation,

because he had none, poor devil! he was the last of his line: kind of

_spes ultima gentis_--must have planned to get hold of Francis's boy and

put an end to _his_ line, too. I don't know--it's rather an

out-of-the-way thing for an Essex poacher to think of--but, you know, I

should say now it looks more as if old Gawdy had managed the job himself.

Booh! I hate to think of it! have some whisky, Williams!'

The facts were communicated by Williams to Dennistoun, and by him to a

mixed company, of which I was one, and the Sadducean Professor of

Ophiology another. I am sorry to say that the latter when asked what he

thought of it, only remarked: 'Oh, those Bridgeford people will say

anything'--a sentiment which met with the reception it deserved.

I have only to add that the picture is now in the Ashleian Museum; that

it has been treated with a view to discovering whether sympathetic ink

has been used in it, but without effect; that Mr Britnell knew nothing of

it save that he was sure it was uncommon; and that, though carefully

watched, it has never been known to change again.