Apud Corstopitum





(per lineam murus.)





L. Sentius Castus--at one time an officer in the 'Domestici,' or

Emperor's Guards--had volunteered for active service, and was now a

'Vexillarius,' or Standard Bearer to the first squadron of horse

attached to the Sixth Legion--'the Victorious and Faithful,' that had

come over to Britain with the Emperor Hadrian. He was sitting one August

afternoon by the fountain in the Forum of Corstopitum, engaged upon

improving a system of fire signals for use on the great wall, which

Hadrian was building from the Tyne estuary to the Solway Firth.



As he reflected he glanced occasionally up at the tall figure of a

youthful Briton beside him--a noble of the tribe of the Brigantes--whom

the soldiers had nicknamed 'Rufus' on account of his auburn hair.



These two had become such close friends that the prefect of the camp had

likened them to Nisus and Euryalus, for they were inseparable. 'His

amor unus erat pariterque in bella ruebant.'



'Rufus' was employed as an 'explorator'--a pioneer, or scout, along the

wall, as he had an exact knowledge of the country, but he was at the

moment engaged upon a piece of sculpture--having a natural gift for the

chisel--and was putting a final touch to the figure of a lion standing

above a dead stag.



He stooped and drew a stopper of clay from the lion's mouth, and at once

a stream of water broke through and flashed into the trough.



'Euge! Macte virtute, puer!' cried Castus in delight; ''tis a superb

fountain head! And the carving is wondrous, for though thou hast seen

the stag thou hast not the lion; yet there he stands full of pride and

challenge on his kill, just as I have seen him in the Circus Maximus in

Rome.



'By the way,' he continued, 'I have ordered Scaevola, the camp's head

mason, to cut that altar which we promised to set up to Sylvanus when we

brought down the famous Grindon stag--that great hart o' grease--which

every officer in Corstopitum had hunted in vain.'



As he spoke he rose up and laid his tablet and style aside.



'How jealous they all were,' he continued. 'How the Prefect doubted its

weight and sneered at its tynes and the bay and tray!'



'I think,' replied his friend with a laugh, 'that he would willingly

himself have set up an altar to every god from Jupiter Optimus Maximus

to our local Mogon, had he had the luck to grass him.'



'The Forum would have been lined with them,' assented his friend,

smiling also. 'Well, this is the inscription I gave to Scaevola to cut

on the one altar we promised--he was cheap at one.



'Silvano invicto sacrum

L. Sentius Castus signifer Leg VI.

Et Tetricus explorator murus

Ob cervum eximiae formae captum

Quem multi antecessores eorum

Praedari non potuerunt.



'That is work for a mason, not for an artist like yourself, who have

embellished Caesar's town in Ultima Thule with a masterpiece.



'Mark this day with white chalk, for thou shalt behold Caesar himself,

since he hath just ridden in from Pons Aelii, and will shortly inspect

his new town of Corstopitum. Think on the immensa Romanae Pacis Majestas

when thou seest him here!'



'I wish greatly to see him,' replied the young Briton, 'yet I dread the

eagle eye of our Imperator.'



'Nay,' said his friend, 'he will never affright thee, for though he is

the ruler of the broad universe he hath a human heart that takes

interest in all things under the sky, being soldier, traveller,

administrator, builder, student, and poet at once.'



There came a sudden shrilling of the tuba at this moment.



'See!' cried the Vexillarius. 'There he goeth into the Praetorium.'



The twain stood watchful as sentinels, and very shortly they saw Caesar

proceeding to the steps leading into the Forum, accompanied by the Comes

Brittanorum and the Clarissimus and the Consularis, attended by his

guard, on whose shields were blazoned as insignia the forts upon the

mighty wall.



Caesar was clad, they noted, not in the long robe of Imperator, but in

the shorter tunic of the Consul, with heavy purple border.



The two young men stood stiff at the salute as Hadrian drew near. Then

the Emperor, recognising his former guardsman, spoke to him kindly by

name.



'Ha! Castus. Thou lookest right well. Art better employed here than in

trailing thy toga and neighing after the beautiful ladies in Rome? Thou

hast found soldiering on the confines of our Empire to thy liking?'



'Yes, indeed, sire,' replied the standard-bearer, ''tis the sole

profession for a man.'



Hadrian looked upon the erect figure, keen eye, and sun-tanned face of

the speaker with evident approval. Then as he was about to pass onward

his eye was struck by the newly carved fountain-head.



'Who hath carved this fountain?' he inquired. 'I did not know we had an

artist in the camp.'



''Twould scarce disgrace the garden of the Palatine,' replied Castus,

overjoyed at the opportunity of praising his comrade in Caesar's

presence; ''tis the handicraft of my friend here--a pioneer upon thy

wall--one who though born a Briton is now more Roman than myself, and

hath expended all his skill upon the carving in the hope of pleasing the

eye of Caesar.'



Hadrian, ever a patron of the arts, glanced quickly at the reddening

cheeks of the young Briton, then stepped forward to the fountain-head,

and scrutinised it with close attention. 'He hath the true eye of the

artist, this friend of thine,' he said, with evident appreciation, 'for

the stag is admirably depicted--the tongue hanging loose from the mouth

as I have noted myself when a beast is slain, and as for the lion,

though he can scarce ever have seen a lion in Britain, I suppose, 'tis

admirable in its decorative effect.' He turned to the blushing artist

and thanked him graciously for his accomplishment, adding that he would

send him a bronze ewer from his own table as a trifling recompense.



So saying he passed on, and the two comrades looked at each other

joyously.



'Now!' cried the Roman standard-bearer, 'thou hast seen, and been

addressed by, the Ruler of the world.



'Art thou not proud this day? Art not at least an inch taller? Is Caesar

not like to one of the immortal gods, thinkest thou?'



'He is, indeed,' replied the young Briton. 'I knew not such majesty and

kindness could dwell together in mortal man. To die for him would be no

virtue but a pleasure. I have never seen so noble a face; strength

therein is sustained by intelligence as columns uphold a mighty roof.

His mouth speaks even when he utters no words. He unites in himself the

charm of a woman to the power and dignity of a man.'



'Thou hast spoken it,' replied his companion; 'thou hast hit off his

strange and unique qualities. I had not thought of it before like that,

but thy observation, as Caesar himself said, is excellent, and thy

description is true. The one thing I like not,' he added, 'is the beard

he hath grown; that is a new thing in a Roman Emperor and, as I judge

it, somewhat barbaric.'



The next day Hadrian set forth again to ride per lineam murus across

moor and fell to Luguvallum and the western sea.



Castus and Rufus accompanied him as guides, and the Prefect with his

guard escorted the Emperor to the wall that was being swiftly built on

the brow of the hill above Corstopitum.



There Castus pointed out to Hadrian the track of Dere Street--the road

of Agricola--that seemed to flutter like some white butterfly up the

distant and opposite fell-side crowned by the Wannys' heights--birthplace

of the river Wansbeck.



'That track, sire, leads to Habitancum, Bremenium, Ad Fines, and

Trimontium beside Tweed,' said Castus. 'I would it might be prolonged to

Mons Grampius, and even to the Cimmerian sea, where I would set up the

Arae finium Imperii Romani on the very edge o' the world.'



Hadrian smiled at his officer's enthusiasm, then he said gravely: 'The

Empire's weight is heavy enough already--Atlas himself could scarce

sustain it. Buttresses are needed, and my wall and camps will furnish

them on this furthest frontier. Beyond is but a waste given over to

wolves, wild boars, and painted savages. But what a prospect is here!

'Tis like the sea stretching away for ever in harvestless waves.'



On and westward they rode and along the windy crest of the fell, then

dipped down to the north Tyne river and the camp of Chesters set

thereby, thence through the limestone crags to Boreovicus on the

moorland--established on the edge of the basaltic outcrop that frowns

upon Bromlea Lough.



This great camp was already finished and garrisoned by Tungrian

auxiliaries; the great wall that was to link together the various camps,

trailed its length like a serpent till it mounted to Winshields height.

Across the valley rose the purple fells of South Tyne, and in the

distant haze Skiddaw's crest soared like an eagle.



On Winshields height Caesar was met by the Prefect of Luguvallum and his

guard, and here Castus and Rufus bade him farewell, and turned back

towards Corstopitum.



As they rode eastward, and had gained the edge of a fir wood beyond

Boreovicus, a very beautiful girl stepped suddenly forward, and laid a

hand on the rein of Rufus's pony.



She is of an extraordinary beauty, thought Castus, as he noted the

wealth of hair, blue eyes, clear skin, and finely chiselled features.

Evidently of noble birth, for she wore a linen shirt under her robe of

fur, and carried a gold chain about her neck. There was a look of

arrogance about her--a disdain, as it were, that set off her beauty like

a jewel, and as she conversed with Rufus she seemed, so Castus thought,

to be eyeing himself not without interest.



'What dost thou think of me, O Roman?' she seemed to ask through her

disdainful eyes. 'Am I not more beautiful than all the women of Rome?

Wouldst like to possess me? I care for none that proves not himself to

be a conqueror.'



Castus moved his pony slowly onward, then pausing for his comrade looked

back upon this proud girl of the wood who had aroused sensations he

thought he had left behind him in Rome.



As she bade good-bye to Rufus she turned away, but her last glance was

not upon Rufus but upon Castus, as the latter delighted to note.



'Who is this moorland beauty?' he inquired of his comrade, as the two

rode on again together.



'She is a cousin of mine,' Rufus replied carelessly. 'My mother and her

father and mother desire us to wed, but there is no hurry for that. I

long for more hunting with thee, O Castus, and to be the complete

soldier before I give myself to marriage.'



'How is she named?' inquired his friend further, unable to subdue his

interest.



'Penchrysa,' said Rufus, 'but for short I call her Pen.'



'Penchrysa,' repeated Castus to himself; ''tis a fit and most romantic

name.' Then aloud he asked, 'Did she look upon Caesar as he passed by

this morning?'



'Yes,' replied Rufus, 'she heard he was to pass along the wall, and she

saw him from the shelter of the wood.'



'Does she then love Rome like yourself?' pursued Castus.



His companion hesitated a moment before he replied. 'She hath a proud

soul in her. She loves courage and prowess above all else, and so will,

I believe, love Rome even as I, at the last. The great wall,' continued

the young Briton, 'will prove to her Rome's might, and Corstopitum with

its stored granaries and streets of shops will show her its

civilisation. I have bid her come in to-morrow with her small brother

when the market is open and the country folk bring in their mead and

honey and fowls, and any grouse and salmon they may have netted.'



'Good,' replied Castus, 'we will show her the sights of Rome's newest

achievement.'



Then fearing he might be playing false with his friend he thrust away

all idea of this disdainful beauty of the moors from him and commenced

to explain to his comrade his simplification of the then method of

sending five signals from turret to turret, from mile castle to mile

castle along the length of the wall, so as to ensure greater accuracy.



Yet ever the challenge of the arrogant moorland princess assailed his

heart.



Proud as a stag she had stood regarding him; as graceful in all her

limbs--her breast curved like a breaking wave. She was infinitely more

fascinating than Lalage of Corinth, who had lately devastated the youths

of Rome. Her clear oval face, the bluebells of her eyes, her auburn hair

haunted him.



'Iam matura viro plenis jam nubilis annis.'



He began to weave sophistries whereby he proved to his own satisfaction

that Rufus cared not for his cousin, that she disdained him, and

consequently was fair game for himself. By midday on the morrow the

forum of Corstopitum was crowded; there was a throng of British

country-folk come in to sell, and of Roman auxiliaries from diverse

camps come in to purchase.



Castus and Rufus were acting as interpreters between buyers and sellers

when they saw their invited guest approaching in company with a handsome

boy of some fifteen years, whose hand she held in hers.



'Welcome!' cried Rufus. 'Now what will you like best to see first? The

pottery shop with its wares--Samian and Castor and rustic, or the great

corn granaries, or the metal-worker's booth where you can buy a fibula

for yourself, or a boss for your horse's bridle?'



His cousin hesitating, Castus suggested the metal-worker's booth as

being closest, and thither they repaired.



Rufus explained with evident delight the use of the various articles set

forth, and Castus, discerning that the fair visitor had a little Latin,

joined in the conversation.



'Here is a fibula,' he said, 'skilfully ornamented with the head of

Minerva. Take it,' he said, as he gracefully presented it to her, 'as a

memento of Rome's most northern town.'



Quietly she accepted the gift with a word of thanks, then added, 'but

not from Rome,' with an enigmatic smile that strangely attracted the

Roman soldier. 'Not from Rome!' repeated Castus to himself, with

throbbing heart, 'then from me she must mean,' he conjectured, and the

passion in his breast flamed hotter than before.



He watched her closely as they fared through the town, and though she

was quick to perceive, she did not seem surprised at the novelties she

saw, whereby Castus found himself more attracted by her than ever.

Barbarian she might be held in Rome, but there was a beauty, pride, and

strength in her he had never met with on the Via Sacra.



When the time came for her to depart Castus eagerly suggested that she

should come again two days later when games for all comers were to be

held in the town.



'Yes,' added Rufus, 'you must come. The games will be superb.' Then with

a laugh, 'Castus and I are to box.'



Penchrysa's eye quickened; she shot one glance at Castus, then promising

to return she waved a hand and departed, leading her small brother with

the other. Castus waited long to see if she would not look back over her

shoulder, but no, she went steadily forward, and this only whetted his

appetite the more.



The afternoon set apart for the games was fair and gay with a west wind

that speeded like a greyhound over the wide fells.



The little arena--dug out in the hollow below the camp--was surrounded

by a vast throng of eager spectators drawn from along the wall and the

moor beyond.



There was a holiday in camp; the rumour of a fighting with cocks had

brought in the Britons; some Spaniards had come over from Chesters,

sundry Gauls from Vindolana, and there were the Tungrian auxiliaries

from Boreovicus itself.



So it was amid a motley throng of spectators that Castus and Rufus stood

up to box together with the caestus that afternoon, and a murmur of

admiration rose up from the spectators as the two handsome, graceful

young men stepped lightly into the grassy arena. Their right arms and

fists were bound about with thongs of bull's hide; the balls of lead and

iron usually attached thereto in the case of professional pugils were

absent, as the encounter was a friendly one, and meant to amuse and

instruct the soldiers. So, stripped for the match and smiling upon each

other, they took their places in the green arena, and, facing north and

south so as to avoid the sun, saluted the Prefect, after the manner of

gladiators, and at once began preluding to the attack.



Rufus had been carefully instructed by Castus for some little time past,

and was now almost as skilful as his instructor. In strength probably

the Roman was the superior, but the Briton was somewhat more alert and

active on his feet.



The first round was devoted to a display of their art; the second grew

somewhat more intent in purpose, the applause of the spectators

stimulating the two boxers to put forth their whole strength.



Castus had seen Penchrysa sitting in the amphitheatre to his right hand,

and had at once realised that she was really interested in the fight and

was applauding himself, not her cousin.



Inspired by this to renewed effort he deceived his friend by a clever

feint, then getting in a fine clean hit with his left on the forehead,

followed it up with a right-hander on the jaw. Rufus staggered backward,

swayed wildly on his feet, then fell unconscious to the ground.



Applause broke out over the whole amphitheatre, and Castus was proudly

conscious that the white hands of Penchrysa were clapping him

vigorously, even as he ran forward to raise his friend's head and assist

him to his feet as he recovered from his faint.



After this some cock-fighting followed, and many of the spectators left

or changed their seats. Castus marked Penchrysa rise and walk away with

her brother, and he followed them amid the crowd.



'I am victorious,' he said, as he came up with them, 'but the victory is

yours, for had you not applauded I had not won.'



Penchrysa looked upon him with a glowing eye that seemed to Castus to

have lost its first hostility, as she said simply she was pleased that

he had been victorious.



She said she must go, and bending down her head, added in a low, hurried

voice, 'If thou wishest further converse with me meet me as the moon

rises by the limestone crags above Chesters to-morrow night.' She laid

her finger on her lip, and moved away with her supple grace through the

straggling crowd.



Castus, enraptured by the thought that he had captured this proud

beauty, could scarce contain himself for joy. He had no difficulty in

keeping his assignation, for he had a good pretext in an old promise to

advise with the Commander of the Chesters Camp. Thus he rode out

joyously next afternoon from Corstopitum, and as dusk drew on and the

time for the moon's rising came near, he dismounted below the limestone

crags and led his horse slowly up to the highest point of the limestone

outcrop where a monolith stood dark and threatening. Tethering his

horse to a tree near by he advanced towards it, and the moon--now

risen--faintly touched it with light. Two figures moved from it as he

came up. The first was Penchrysa, the second an old, grey-bearded man.



'Welcome, O Roman!' said she gravely, then with more emotion, 'thy looks

and actions tell me thou lovest me. If so I have a proposal to make to

thee; and as I know your tongue but ill this old man, my friend, who has

served with your armies, will set it before thee, for I have no skill in

the Roman language.'



Castus, carried away by his passion, seized her hand and kissed it, and

was about to put his arms about her, but she put up her hand and bade

him wait for her proposal from the interpreter's lips.



'Thou art strong, O Roman,' said the old man earnestly, 'brave, and

canst command men, for my Princess has watched thee narrowly. She is of

royal birth, and royal amongst womankind. None surpasses her. She will

give thee herself if thou wilt command our hosts. The Caledonii will

avenge Mons Grampius and rise with the British race, fling off the hated

yoke of Rome, and make this island free as it was of old. There are ten

thousand within call of us now!' He whistled thrice like a golden

plover, and on all sides dark forms showed themselves in response to his

call. 'The rule of Rome approacheth its doom. This wall proves their

weakness. The Emperor is in the western land and can be dispatched with

ease. We want a leader, and our Princess chooseth thee. Take her and be

Emperor of Britain.'



As he spake thus, Penchrysa leaned forward and whispered in the ear of

the astounded Roman, 'Come, and we will rule together!' Her lovely face

showing lovelier in the soft moonlight, her breath honey-sweet upon his

cheek, the vision of rule together had almost intoxicated him. But then

the shame of betrayal rose in him like a flood. Lust dropped from him as

a garment. In one second he had drawn his sword and stabbed his

temptress to the heart. 'So perish!' he cried aloud, 'all enemies of

Rome!'



* * * * *



He bounded to his horse, leapt on its back, and at breakneck speed they

hurtled down the fell. He was wounded by darts in shoulder and right

arm, and his horse's loins were gashed by a spear, yet the camp at

Chesters was but two miles away, and, setting his teeth together, he

gave his horse the rein and leaned forward on its neck to take his

weight off the loins.



The yells of the pursuers became fainter as he sped onward. Soon he saw

the dark outline of the camp on the haugh below, and in a few minutes

arrived at the western port.



'Who are ye?' inquired the sentry of the port.



'Castus, Vexillarius of the first squadron, Sixth Legion,' he shouted

hoarsely, 'the Britons have risen!'



The stone gate jarred on its hinge; Castus, thrusting through,

dismounted and wiped the foam from his gallant steed.



'What a fool I have been!' he murmured. 'Never again will I traffic with

a woman. Vale, O Femina--in eternum vale! Henceforth I dedicate my

life to Rome--



"Romae matri meae--

Orbis Imperatrici."'



And, ratifying his vow by the head of Caesar, he fell to the ground,

unconscious through loss of blood.





An Essay On Ghosts And Apparitions Ash House And Smoke House facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail

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